Introducing Ethereum and Solidity: Foundations of Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Programming for Beginners

Introducing Ethereum and Solidity: Foundations of Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Programming for Beginners

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Learn how to use Solidity and the Ethereum project – second only to Bitcoin in market capitalization. Blockchain protocols are taking the world by storm, and the Ethereum project, with its Turing-complete scripting language Solidity, has rapidly become a front-runner. This book presents the blockchain phenomenon in context; then situates Ethereum in a world pioneered by Bitcoin.

See why professionals and non-professionals alike are honing their skills in smart contract patterns and distributed application development. You’ll review the fundamentals of programming and networking, alongside its introduction to the new discipline of crypto-economics. You’ll then deploy smart contracts of your own, and learn how they can serve as a back-end for JavaScript and HTML applications on the Web.

Many Solidity tutorials out there today have the same flaw: they are written for “advanced” JavaScript developers who want to transfer their skills to a blockchain environment. Introducing Ethereum and Solidity is accessible to technology professionals and enthusiasts of all levels. You’ll find exciting sample code that can move forward real world assets in both the academic and the corporate arenas. Find out now why this book is a powerful gateway for creative technologists of all types, from concept to deployment.

What You’ll Learn
  • See how Ethereum (and other cryptocurrencies) work
  • Compare distributed apps (dapps) to web apps
  • Write Ethereum smart contracts in Solidity 
  • Connect Ethereum smart contracts to your HTML/CSS/JavaScript web applications
  • Deploy your own dapp, coin, and blockchain
  • Work with basic and intermediate smart contracts
Who This Book Is For 
Anyone who is curious about Ethereum or has some familiarity with computer science

 
Product managers, CTOs, and experienced JavaScript programmers 
Experts will find the advanced sample projects in this book rewarding because of the power of Solidity 



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Ethereum: Blockchains, Digital Assets, Smart Contracts, Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

Ethereum: Blockchains, Digital Assets, Smart Contracts, Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

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Blockchain For the Non-Technical

*** THIS IS A PREVIEW PRINT ***

As IBM´s official liaison to the Ethereum core developers I gave talks on blockchain topics pretty much around the world. After one keynote I was asked for a non-technical guide to understand blockchains. This is it.

The book aims to help you get your head around blockchains in general and around Ethereum specifically. Since Ethereum is currently the pre-imminent blockchain, it makes sense as reference point. The essential stuff is the same for any blockchain.

This text was written for people with a fast grasp, who are not programmers. Reading this should give you the basics to cut through the hype and to identify blockchain opportunities in your professional domain. There are tiny bits of code, which can be admired and skipped.

We´ll look at Ethereum´s benefits first, how it is used and what can be done with it; then explain blockchain machinery, visiting the terms that you´ll be confronted with in every discussion about its application. Exactly what you need to tell the signal from the noise in the echo chamber of honest misunderstandings and desperate marketing.

We take a good hard look at limitations, throw in some history and names and give a realistic outlook.

The index reads like an FAQ and you can use the book like that. However, there is a strong build up, one chapter leading to the next, as optimized path to understanding all the interconnected, moving parts. There´s quite a number of them.

Blockchains are not a trivial topic. The fact that blockchain client programs are small has fooled many people into believing it can´t possibly be that hard. The challenges are in the implications though.

But what’s in this book will put you ahead of almost everyone outside the core bubble.

A deep dive into this field now – at least getting started – will help you to become part of the fun ahead. It should allow you to stand out, land deals or a great job.

It will also make you see first hand how early we are in the game.

Hopefully, we will find a contributor to the blockchain community in you, strengthening the portfolio of real-world use cases. Ideally, you´ll learn to navigate your own uncharted course through your domain and revolutionize it.

From the Book’s Index:

What is Ethereum?
What is Ether?
What is Ethereum Not?
What is Ethereum Used for?
Create Your Own Digital Currency!
How Does Ethereum Compare?
How Does Ethereum Work?

What is a Blockchain?
What is Cryptography?
What´s the Magic?
What is Holding It Back?
What is a Cryptocurrency?
What is a Digital Currency?
What is a Digital Asset?
What is a Mirror Asset?
What is Consensus?
What is Proof–of–Work?
What is Proof–of–Stake?
What is a Hard–Fork?
What is Mining?
What is Decentralized Code?
What is a Decentralized Application (Dapp)?
What is a Smart Contract?
What is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)?
What is an Oracle?
What is Timestamping?
What is a Private Chain?
What is the EVM?
What is Gas?
What is Solidity?

How Fast is Ethereum / Latency?
What is Ethereum´s Capacity / Throughput?
What is Probabilistic Finality?
How Ready is Ethereum?
Is Ethereum Legal?

How did Bitcoin Start?
What’s the Story Behind Ethereum?
What is The DAO?
What is Ethereum Classic?
What is all the Hype about?
What’s the Future?
Will Ethereum Change the World?

APPENDIX with technical notes
Hello, World!
Installation
Clients

Drafts of the book have been run by core Ethereum people and highest ranking IBM engineers in a bid to ensure accuracy.

I’ll be happy to hear what you felt was missing or presented out of order, no matter your background.

Opinions in this book are mine, not that of IBM.

I am not an Ethereum spokesperson either.




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Best Tips to Avoid Squandering Your Inheritance




When you receive an inheritance, it is important to figure out what will you do with that money. If you do not plan properly on how to spend that money, it will slip out of your hand within no time. If you have already got the cash, or you are about to inherit the money, here are some five tips for using it properly.

Don’t Rush Your Decision

People generally do not allow the money for a cooling-off period, after receiving the cash. This is one of the worst mistakes that people usually do. They are always in a hurry of spending the money without thinking twice. You can save the money either in a money market account or savings for at least two months in order to plan your options. You can also put the money into a short-term deposit for saving it, because you have to pay penalty if you withdraw it before time.

Assess Where You Are

If you analyse your present financial situation, you can get an idea about your future move. You can plan to start a college fund for your children, add the money to your retirement savings or keep it as an emergency fund. Make a goal in life, so that you can achieve it with the help of your inheritance.

Be Realistic About Your Inheritance

A sudden chunk of money will you lead to towards a changed lifestyle. The things like a new car or a luxury vacation that you could not afford before will now seem to be very tempting. You have to be careful to control your temptation and save your money for future needs.

Establish Boundaries

It is evident that when you receive an inheritance, many people come with a try to have a share in the money. Bank or financial sales people may call you so that you invest your money in their products. You may also be asked to make a huge donation by any charitable organisation. So, it is very important to set boundaries and prepare yourself for saying no to the people.

Be Proactive

You may need some professional help to figure out how to save your inheritance. It is absolutely fine to hire a financial advisor, but do not make your decision solely as per his guidance. In the end, it will be you who will take the final decision. Do some research and set your goals before taking professional’s help.

Thus, though an inheritance is like a blessing to you, but along with it comes responsibility. Plan properly to make sure that your money lasts for a longer time.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Rajesh B Sanghvi

Users and Uses of Financial Information




In every financial accounting textbook, the authors explain in detail about „Users and Uses of Financial Accounting.“ Information such as cash flow statements, income statements, and balance sheets are important documents that are kept to ensure that the company is recording everything correctly. The users of this accounting information are divided into two categories, internal and external users.

The internal users of accounting information are the managers who organize, operate and plan daily business routine. They are directly affiliated with the company and use managerial accounting, which includes in-depth reports used to determine financial strengths and weaknesses. For example, internal users would include management, finance, marketing, and human resources. An example of a human resource manager would be that he or she has to ensure the rights of their employees by using wage information along with other data. Important questions arise with internal users. A question for a marketing manager would include, „What price for an Apple I Pad will maximize the company’s net income?“

External users are groups of individuals that are outside organizations, and they use accounting to make financial decisions. An example of an external user would include a creditor, who uses accounting to evaluate the risks of granting credit. Taxing authorities, investors, and customers are also external users. External users would receive limited financial information from a company such as financial statements. These statements are the backbone of financial accounting and they give the external users enough information to inform them of the company’s economic position. Assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses are of great importance to users of accounting information. For business purposes, it is customary to arrange this information in the format of four different financial statements; balance sheet, income statement, retained earnings statement, and statement of cash flows.

The purpose of the income statement is to report the success or failure of the company’s operations for a period of time. The income statement lists the company’s revenues followed by it expenses. A key point to recall when preparing an income statement is that amounts received from issuing stock are not revenues, and amounts paid out as dividends are not expenses. Therefore they are not reported on the income statement. Retained earnings statement shows the amounts and causes of changes in retained earnings during the period. The time period is equivalent to the time covered on the income statement. Financial statement users can evaluate dividend payment practices by monitoring the retained earnings statement. Some investors seek companies that have a history of paying high dividends, while others seek companies that reinvest earnings to increase the company’s growth.

The balance sheet is based on this equation: Assets = Liabilities + Stockholders Equity. This equation is referred to as the basis accounting equation. The balance sheet reports the company’s assets, liabilities and owners equity. It is a financial window to the company at a specific point in time. Claims are divided into two categories: claims of creditors, which are called liabilities and claims of owners, which are called stockholders equity. On the balance sheet it lists the company’s financial position as of a specific date in this order: assets first, then liabilities and stockholder’s equity. A note to self about stockholders equity is that it is composed of common stock and retained earnings. Finally there is the statement on cash flows. The purpose of the statement of cash flows is to provide financial information about the cash receipts and cash payments of a business for a specific period of time. Users are interested in the statement of cash flows because they want to get a better understanding of what is happening to a company’s most important resource. The statements of cash flows answer these following questions: 1) Where did cash come from during the period? 2) How was the cash used during the period? 3) What was the change in the cash balance during the period? The statement of cash flows also organizes and reports the cash generated used in the following activities: financing, investing, and operating. All businesses are involved with these three types of activities.

Financing activities is described as taking money to make money. The two sources of outside funds for corporations are borrowing money and selling shares of stock in exchange for cash. Investing activities involve the purchase of the resources company’s need in order to operate such as sale of long-term investments, property, plant, and equipment. Finally there is operating activities. Once a business has the assets it needs to get started it can begin its operations. Operating activities convert the items reported on the income statement to cash.

In conclusion, the users of financial statements are people who use financial documents for a large variety of business purposes and their ability to make decisions using these statements helps them to succeed in the business world. Students have a chance to succeed in business if they have the knowledge of professionals who use financial statement analysis techniques and tools used on a day-to-day basis.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Chelsea Yingling

What Can Cause Unemployment Benefits to Be Denied?




Unemployment benefits are available for many workers who have been separated from their job or have had their hours cut through no fault of their own. But if you have left your job and file a claim for unemployment insurance, there is a possibility that you will be denied. Here are some of the most common reasons why this may happen.

You Voluntarily Quit Your Job
You could be denied unemployment compensation if you voluntarily quit your job without a compelling reason or good cause. Quitting because of a personal preference is neither a compelling reason nor a good cause.

To be considered good cause, you must have quit out of necessity. Before quitting, you must have made a good faith effort to avoid quitting your job. This means that before quitting, you must have informed your company about the problem and given the company a chance to solve it.

There are some circumstances that qualify as compelling reasons for why you were forced to quit your job:

– Family circumstances that made it impossible for you to work.
– Financial difficulties.
– Unacceptable working conditions.
– You were deceived about the conditions of employment.
– Your employer refused to pay you.
– Offensive conduct by your employer, such as abusive conduct, profanity at work, unfair accusations, or discrimination on the basis of race, sex, or age.
– Unsafe working conditions.
– Transportation problems.
– Leaving for other employment.
– You have good cause to quit your job if the average person, in the same situation, would have quit his or her job.

You Were Fired from Your Job
If you were fired because of willful misconduct or other legitimate reason, you will be denied unemployment insurance benefits. This is something that your employer will have to prove in court if you appeal.

Other Disqualifying Reasons
Your state unemployment office can deny your application or revoke your benefits for various reasons including:

– You are not reporting other income that you are receiving while on unemployment.
– You refused suitable work.
– You are unable or unavailable to work.
– You are incarcerated following a conviction.
– You are participating in a strike.

If Your Employer Disputes Your Claim
When you file a claim for unemployment, the state agency verifies your claim with your previous employer. This is because employers must pay into the unemployment insurance fund. Depending upon many factors, the amount each employer pays can vary considerably. One variation is based on how often an employer lays off employees who then collect benefits. Each employer is assigned an "experience rating," which is a number used to measure how often an employer lays off workers who then file unemployment claims. The more often an employer's ex-workers make claims, the more the employer has to pay into the system. You can easily see that an unscrupulous employer might seek to keep its payments low by disputing the claims made by ex-employees.

It may even happen that after you get laid off, you file your unemployment claim and you start collecting checks. But after several weeks your checks stop coming because your previous employer has disputed your claim!

You Have the Right to Appeal
If you are disqualified and denied benefits, you have the right to file an appeal. The state will advise you of your appeal rights. There is an established time frame within which you need to make your appeal. If your previous employer has filed a dispute, it is up to them to prove that you were terminated for something that was your fault. If, for example, they claim that you were fired for bad behavior, they will need to produce human resources notices, signed by you, that document the alleged infraction. So if you apply for unemployment insurance and are denied, make sure you are given a legitimate reason-or get ready to file an appeal.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Beth Stewart

Government Grants For Farmland Improvement




The government issues certain grants for land categories like historic areas, open spaces, natural areas and farmlands. These grants are meant for their preservation or reform. Agriculture is very deep-rooted in America, but the recent suburban upheaval has cost these lands dearly.

Lands are evaluated according to the quality of the soil and the status of the irrigation. Government funds are distributed to farmers to reform and preserve farmland as well as improve the infrastructure. They allow farmers to farm as they deem fit. The funds are also meant for improvements like irrigation, fencing and manure storage facilities.

Farmers can also develop land reform plans and implement them with the funds received. Some of the funds also have aid programs attached to them, which provide farmers with the kind of facilities and help that are needed to protect their land.

Most states also use the agricultural conservation easement as a common farmland protection method. This permits landowners to put a voluntary restriction on their land, which stops development or limits it to enable the land to preserve its natural resources. There are no minimum or maximum grant award levels for individual grants. Any amount can be available for farmland improvements, policy and planning combined.

Some of these programs include partnership developments with parties that are interested and can bring in enough resources for the implementation of the projects. The grants give more preference to such ventures. Applications for the distribution of funds are based on the amount of matching funds and similar services. It is also important to maintain all records pertaining to the grant until the state makes the final payment. This is required so that all information will be handy when the time comes to determine the total cost. A typical example of a farmland improvement grant is the California Farmland Conservancy program.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Eric Morris

Reverse Email Lookup – The Easiest Way to Find a Scammer and Finally Have Him Captured




Scammers are everywhere! Some people are lucky if they know how to identify them, but a big regret for others who were once swindled by them or are about to be conned. There are many scammers who do the fraud even in the simplest way. A more sophisticated way of scamming and most prevalent way is through the use of internet.

I know for sure that almost all internet users are aware of the scammers. But, some people may know only a little about it. Best of luck for those people who got the chance to read on this because they will be able to distinguish who really the scammers are.

These scammers are considered "gold diggers" because they try to get a lot of money from others by conning their victims. Their words are full of lies yet people may never know that they are lying.

Therefore, who are the scammers?

1. One example of scamming is when you received an email that you won 1,000,000 US dollars. Of course, maybe for the first time, you will be captivated with this message but in the end you will find out that it is all fraud. If you respond to the email, the scammer will then tell you that you need to give out some amount of money for them to be able to receive it. The first thing that you should think of, is that, no one will ever give you this kind of big money because it is a dumb thing to give away something that is not worth your time and money.

2. Secondly, you may also find scammers who will offer you job but the truth is they just want to get something out of it.

3. Lastly, you can prove how scammers really bad are, through the many online dating websites. Because there are many people who want to meet someone online, these dating sites are getting pervasive so as the growth of con men and women too.

There are some scammers who do the fraudulent activity by attracting the women he dates online, with lots of money he has. He promises many things such as wealthy life and happy family. Well then be careful of these people because what they say is all full of lies. Having informed of some well known types of scammers, you will then be able to do an adequate action on how to finally punish them with what they have done.

One easy way to do it is to do a reverse email lookup on all the email addresses you receive on the inbox or you encounter on dating sites. It is the most hassle-free and cost effective way to find a scammer. You can have all the information you want to gather, such as full name, phone number, exact address and criminal records.

You just need to select the best email lookup provider and then in the search box, type the email address of the suspected scammer and push the "Search" button. After which, you can have vital facts about him / her. You can now have the proof when you told the police about it and surely his / her activities will be brought to an end.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by L Turner

Get Free Government Money and Do not Pay it Back




There is currently an abundance of free government money available to a majority of the American population. This is primarily due to lack of general public awareness about free government grant programs that are made available each year to taxpaying citizens.

There is also a concern that many average citizens are not completely aware of the fact that grants are not loans and never require any type of repayment. Far too many people are under the false impression that government grants are loans that are only attainable by those who fall into the lower income brackets and still require payment, just at a reduced interest rate. This is in fact a myth.

While government loans are repayable with extended loan payment terms, and greatly reduced interest rates, government grants are no such thing. They, in fact, are actually cash gifts awarded by United States government to assist American taxpayers in a various number of financial dilemmas and opportunities.

By following the links below you can begin searching the national grant database to find the hundreds of free government grant programs that you may be eligible to qualify for, but in the meantime here are a few of the most commonly known and applied for free government money programs ….

Women's business grants – Women of all ages, professions, cultures, and heritages are quite often awarded large sums of free start up funding to establish new independently and female owned businesses.

Single Parents Grants – These grants can help the single parent in a number of beneficial ways to help ease the burdens of single parenting. There are grants that cover day care and after school programs, tuition and school supply costs, uniforms, sports activities, and much, much more that can benefit a single parented home.

Grants for Real Estate – There are several free grant programs that can greatly help in financing newly purchased properties. Renters can get first time home buyers grants, there are real estate grants for career investors, and different home grants for different home owner's needs. You can often custom design them to suit your specific needs.

Personal Debt Grants – For those who are facing extreme and exorbitant personal debt, debt grants may be obtained to pay of all past due balances on outstanding personal accounts (even credit cards) to achieve a new and improved credit history report.

No matter what your personal financial needs are, it is likely that there is some free unclaimed government money that can be yours in a very short time. Find out today.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Sarah Beckham

How To Borrow Money Against A Shared Inheritance




An heir may have to wait months and even years in order to get their inheritance distributions. This is because of the length of the legal process involved. So, an heir is allowed, by means of cash advances or loans, to receive funds in a matter of days. It has no effect on the other heirs of the estate. A portion of the estate is assigned by the cash advance company, in exchange for the loan. Here is how you can get an advance on your inheritance.

• You need to first determine whether you have the eligibility for an inheritance cash advance or not. Advances are only typically received by the heirs from probate assets. Probate assets are bank accounts, insurance policies, real estate, company interests and other assets that were only owned by the decedent. Non-probate assets include trust, retirement accounts or any accounts that are jointly held with another person.

• You need to first determine what amount of money you want to lend from your shared inheritance. The usual range of inheritance loans and advances are from $5000 to $250000. Select an amount of loan that is less than the inheritance you expect. The amount of the loan is capped by some lenders at a certain percentage of your total expected inheritance.

• Contact a company that has a specialization in inheritance advances. Money can only be borrowed by the inheritors from their inheritance after the beginning of the probate process by the inheritors. Do not forget to ask the inheritance company that for an inheritance advances what fees will they charge. The fees vary depending on companies. Fees usually depend on the amount of the advance, the complexity of the estate and the amount of time until the estate closes.

• A cash advance has to be arranged by you from the lender. Funds can generally be distributed by the companies from advances and loans within a few days of business of the transaction. If sufficient funds are not present to pay the loan, ask the company about its consequences. The heir usually does not have personal liability for insufficient estate funds because the heir is assigned an interest to the company.

• Return the money back to the inheritance cash advance company as early as possible. When the estate closes, executor automatically pays the money to the inheritance cash advance companies as part of the transaction. However, discounts and rebates are offered by some companies for heirs that pay back the loan early.





Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Rajesh B Sanghvi