Google will launch the Android 2.2 and Nexus 2 on May 9


Do you often pay attention to the latest events and news about the mobile phones? Will you be attracted by any new phones on the wholesale mobile phones market? Now the competition in the mobile field is very fierce. The manufacturers launch new models one after another.

The Google I/0 developer conference which will be holding on May 19 is approaching and the Google Android 2.2(Froyo) which will be published then will gain special attention from the public. Apart from that, the Nexus Two mobile phone may be jointly published by Google and MOTO on the conference.

The Android 2.2 is also called the Froyo. There was a report that the Android 2.1 will surpass the 2.1 a lot. In the test, the Android 2.2 improves the score by 450%. In this case, it is worth expecting to a great extent. And it’s certain that Google also expect a great deal from it. There are many improvements of the Android 2.2. It allows the application program installing on the micro-SD and supports Flash.

We know that Google has released the Nexus One in January. Currently, Google fully terminates the online selling of the Nexus One. Perhaps it has something to do with the iPhone 4G. The Nexus One is incapable of fighting against it. As the iPhone 4G will be published shortly, the Nexus Two may be developed to compete with the iPhone 4G.

It’s said that the phone created by MOTO is the discussed „Shadow“. Though such marks are yet to be confirmed by Official Google and MOTO, there’s news from official Google that there’s a mobile of MOTO independent brand going to appear in the Google shops. Thus, there’s great possibility for the Nexus Two to meet with you on the conference.

The Google I/O Developer Conference is worth expecting just like the 2010 Apple Worldwide Developer Conference which will begin on June 7. The Nexus Two launched jointly by Google and MOTO will be totally excellent if it comes with the Android 2.2.

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The role and impact of ICT on economy growth


Title: The Role and Impact of ICT on Economy Growth

Name: KELLY WEE KHENG SOON

Faculty :FACULTY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

University: MANAGEMENT AND SCIENCE UNIVERSITY (MSU)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Literature and theories

3.0 Role and Impact of ICT on Economy Growth

3.1  Role and Impact of ICT investment  

3.2  Measurement of ICT contribution to economic growth

3.3  Policy implication boosting economic growth

4.0 Future Research

5.0 Conclusions

6.0 References

 ABSTRACT

Use of information to the discretion of the prediction of economic growth driven by investments in the Information and Communication Technology(ICT). This paper discuss on the use of ICT that contributes to the economic growth and how it being measured. Prediction analysis resulting to empirical studies and research had been carried out between ICT and economic growth found there is both mixed results depending on the methodology of the research engaged and geographical landscape or situation that should be considered. The analysis of  estimates reveal a significant impact on economic growth of investments in ICT towards specific region implies whereby countries seek to enhance their economic growth, they need to implement specific policies that facilitate investment in ICT. A proposed future research has been made in this paper that could help to ensure the role and impact of ICT to spur the economy growth with the continuing trend that is growing is also given.

1.0    Introduction

This research paper is to examine whether ICT role and impact to the economy growth. Though there is so many debate about whether it does help in the progress over the past decade on the increase in the impact of economy and the way people work, communicate and spend time across countries around the world, however, research will explain that in the past decade several methods have been used to analyze the impact of ICT on economy growth. Studies throughout 1990s showed that increasing investment in this field constantly resulted in emergence of positive relationship between economic growth and information technology. However, there is much research is needed due to the challenges to ensure how much ICT has contributed to economic growth to the country as well as the global levels. Study is needed to investigate the impact of ICT on economic growth on a global basis by examining all countries with significant expenditure on ICT over the past decade.

This study aims to investigate the relationship between economic growth and ICT in developed and developing countries as well. The methodology of „Measuring the contribution of ICT to economy growth and productivity“ is based on original work by Solow (1957) and (Jorgenson and Griliches (1968)) and later extended by (Alia Oliner and Sichel (2000) ) and (Jorgenson and Stiroh (2000)). ICT can impact economic growth through four major channels referred to by (Jalava, Pohjola 2002): (i) Production of ICT goods and services, which directly contributes to the aggregate value added generated in an economy; (ii) Increase in productivity of production in ICT sector, which contributes to overall productivity in an economy Total Factor Productivity (TFP); (iii) Use of ICT capital as input in the production of other goods and services; (iv) Contribution to economy-wide TFP from increase in productivity in non-ICT producing sectors induced by the production and use of ICT (spillover effects). One of the example looking into Finland economic growth based on analysis by (Jalava, Pohjola 2005) that ICT is the source of output and also productivity growth to Finland thus impacting the improvement of the GDP and economic growth.

In developing countries, SMEs industries are challenged by the globalization of production and shift in the importance of the various determinants to competitiveness. By spreading the information and communication technologies (ICT) complement with the ever decreasing prices for communication, markets in different parts of the world become more integrated. The influence of ICT has led many comment on the argument that these technologies are creating a new economy in which information is the most critical resources that provides competitive advantages in all sectors such as manufacturing and even more in the services sectors. From performance perspective, the competitiveness effect of ICT is derives from the impact that ICTs have upon the productivity of the factor inputs. ICT can improve the efficiency and increase productivity by separate ways including, improving efficiency in resource allocation, reducing transaction costs and technical improvement that leads to the shift of the production functions. Referring to Moodley (2002) conducted an in-depth quantitative and qualitative analysis of the use of B2B e-commerce by manufacturing firms in South Africa and his study is based on 120 firm level interviews and 31 interviews with industry experts. The evidence indicates that the incidence of use is fairly low. From the analysis, 87% of the firms had access to the Internet, only 49% of the firms had a corporate website and only 22% was using the Internet for order taking. The findings enables him to come to a conclusion that e-commerce is not yet an important strategic objective for most South African firms.

Hoon (2003) explored the impact of ICT investment on economic growth using a cross-country analysis based on data from 56 developing countries for the years 1970–1998 and found that ICT positively contributes to economic growth in the developing world. While van Ark and Piatkowski (2004) analyzed IT investment patterns and their impact on economic performance in two sets of countries regarded as being at different levels of economic development: the 15 countries of the European Union (‘‘old“ Europe) and 10 Central European economies under accession (‘‘new“ Europe). They had come to a conclusion that there is a trend moving into the convergence of investment in IT between ‘‘old“ and ‘‘new“ Europe. Investment in IT capital was also found to be the vital factor affecting productivity growth in both sets of countries. There is studies made from this developed world with a strong evidence of a strong positive correlation between IT and economic performance, IT-induced changes in workforce composition in favor of highly skilled or educated workers and organizational changes that allow firms to implement IT more effectively and efficiently. Using the new data from after 1995, Jorgenson and Vu (2005) found that the contribution of ICT capital to world GDP had more than doubled and now accounts for 0.53 per cent of the world average GDP growth of3.45 per cent. The percentage was higher for the group of G7 countries, where ICT investments contributed with 0.69 per cent to a GDP growth of 2.56 per cent during 1995–2003.

Therefore, this research paper intends to discuss and find out more about what and how the roles of ICT plays a major part to contributes and have an impact on the economics performance and growth across globally.

  

2.0    Literature and Theories

Literature review by Avgerou (2001) stated that ICT is a necessity for taking part in today’s global economy and as such the role of ICT in the emerging global market cannot be over-emphasised. ICT has the potential to integrate the whole world economies in other words demolishing the barriers created by time and distance. It will ease the trade in goods and services and encouraging investment by the creation of new sectors of enterprises, new revenue streams and new jobs. Meng & Li (2002) maintain that the role of the ICT industry in developing countries is far from clear as developing countries are still short of capital investment and knowledge, thus they will lag behind in ICT-industry development and diffusion in comparison to the industrialized nations. This late adoption of ICT might translate into a competitive advantage for the developing countries since they to learn from the experience of the developed countries while adopting the latest generation technologies. However, they will benefit from not incurring the learning and experimentation cost that typically characterised the adoption of new technologies by the early adopters referred by (Wong, 2002).

Early macro level studies, going back to late 1980s and early 1990s, indicated that ICT’s share in productivity and economic growth was very small (Roach, 1987, 1989, 1991; Oliner and Sichel, 1994; Jorgenson and Stiroh, 1995). Macro-economic studies showed that investments in ICT had a considerable effect on the productivity of labor force and economic growth as well (Jorgenson,2001, Oliner and Sichel, 2004, Jorgenson and Stiroh, 2000). Gordon (2000) attributed that productivity growth of the 1995-2000 period to business cycles, whereas Stiroh (2001) and some others show that business cycles had little Influence on productivity growth during those years. Results sometimes diverge due to different methodologies employed. For example, Jorgenson and Stiroh (1995, 2000), 47 Jorgenson (2000), and also Oliner and Sichel (1994, 2000) use a „growth accounting framework“ in which they separate ICT capital from non-IT capital, and focus mainly on business cycles. Mankiw, Romer, and Weil (1992) using data from 42 developing and 24 high income developed countries over the period of 1985-1999 and also Pohjola (2001) using Panel Data Modeling, found that ICT/GDP effect on growth in these countries was meaningful and positive in high income countries, positive but not meaningful in developing countries.

Sotiris and Papaioannou (2004) explored the effects of ICT on productivity and economic growth in both developing and developed countries over the time period of 1993-2001, using a „production function“ framework and foreign direct investment (FDI) as a proxy for ICT and concluded that FDI has a positive and meaningful effect on productivity and economic growth and that the effect was greater in developing countries, and positive but not meaningful when all the courtiers were lumped together. Pohjola (2001) drawing data from more than 36 countries over different continents concluded that in more prosperous and industrial countries, there was a highly positive and meaningful relationship between ICT and economic growth, but there was no evidence of such a relationship in developing countries. Dewan and Kraemer (2000) suggest that the gap is due to low levels of IT investment in developing countries and also a lack of complementary assets such as knowledge-based structures for developing the use of IT goods.The impact of ICT on economic growth and development, however, attracted the attention of researchers. Studies had been conducted as well in Taiwan by (Wang, 1999), China (Meng & Li, 2002), United States (US), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries (Colecchia & Schreyer, 2002), Britain (Dolton &  Makepeace, 2004) and the Asian region Jussawalla, 1999) is done to determine the role played by the ICT sector on economic growth.

3.0    Role and Impact of ICT on economy growth

It may be too early to tell how the role of ICT in growth and productivity performance will develop in the first decade of the 21st century. However, initial assumption was that ICT will continue to be a driver of economic growth. When the world entered a new era from half of the 20th century, introducing computers to the market and combining with the field of information and communications, computers linked to the telephone and television – and „ICT“ revolution occurred. The ICT has some effects on different economic variables. In fact ICT will influence both supply and demand side of the consumer’s economic behavior through utility function and from supply perspective on producer’s behavior through production functionality that will be affected. ICT together with other infrastructure components will result in capital deepening, re-organization of economic processes thus increasing the economic growth and productivity factors in developing countries. Looking thru developing countries, there is not enough competitive space and the majority of market is under the government control, therefore, ICT effects on economic growth and productivity is observed. This research paper focuses on three areas: (a) the role and impact of ICT investment on the efficiency of economic growth; (b) measuring the contribution of ICT investment to economy growth and analyzing the variation of the ICT contribution across countries; (c) policy implications related to each country’s efforts to encourage investment in ICT towards boosting the growth of economy.

Economic growth is the increasing ability of the nation or countries to produce good and service quoted by Miles (2001). The function of ICT enabling products or goods of services to be produced within a shorter period of time with all the computerised system. It improves efficiency in delivering services rapidly. With the evolution of ICT with best technology and management practice coupled with the increasing use of labor, land, capital and resources available, ICT is perceived to contributes to the impact of economy growth, thus resulting in development of countries growth by technology. ICT are becoming major factor for economic growth. By enabling „virtual mobility“, ICT provide the means to undertake many of the activities that have so far needed physical transport quote by (Lake, 2004). Use of email , e-commerce and online transaction for banking or any other activities had tremendously reduce the amount of time for transportation, hence, saves money. According to Lake (2004), increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is changing with nature on the the use of virtual mobility that distance appears less important, but insists that mobility connection should remains.

Prior to showing the result of ICT impacting economy growth, this research paper will examines some of the past data studies done. In order to  measure economic growth, metrics used are the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) which determines the value of output produced within a country during a time period and the GNP (Gross National Product) which also identifies the value of output produced within a country plus net property income from abroad (Bized, 2004).

Example of Countries where ICT had impacted on economic growth over period of time

 

Description

Year

 Countries

 

Australia

Canada

Finland

France

Germany

Italy

Japan

USA

UK

       

Contribution of ICT

90-95

0.48

0.30

0.24

0.18

0.30

0.21

0.31

0.27

0.43

96-99

0.66

0.51

0.62

0.33

0.35

0.36

0.38

0.47

0.88

Real Output Growth

90-95

3.37

1.79

-0.70

0.97

2.22

1.44

1.33

2.12

2.64

96-99

4.72

4.09

5.62

2.60

1.73

1.93

1.10

3.48

4.43

A study by Coleccia and Schreyer (2001) cited by Kanamori et al (2004) provided the results below on the contribution of ICT to economic growth.

                                      Fig 1: Results from Past Studies

Source: Coleccia and Schreyer (2001) cited by Kanamori et al (2004)

From the data analysis from past results on the studies done by Coleccia and Schreyer (2001), what conclusion we can make is that for example countries like USA, between 1990-1995 with the contribution of ICT at 0.27 percentage point of economic growth, the real output growth at the period of time is showing 2.12, but in comparison to year 1996-1999 period the contribution of ICT is at 0.47 percentage point of economic growth, the real output growth at the period of time is showing 3.48. There is significant improvement in the increased of Real Output Growth thru the drive of contribution on ICT. Thus, this explained how ICT can impact on the economy growth.

There is another study made on how the ICT contribution to the real output growth of a post communist county, Poland by Piatkowski (2003). In Poland, ICT investment contributed on average 0.47 of a percentage point or 8.9% of GDP growth and 12.7% or 0.65 of a percentage point contribution to labour productivity between 1995-2000. In the year 2001, Poland had grown their economy in comparison lower and middle income nations, in terms of ICT spending per GDP

This paper will also work on analysis to confirm and reaffirms the findings on policy implication of IT investment to boost the economy growth. The main policy conclusions that can be drawn are:

1. Strengthening competition in ICT goods and services:Competition in ICT goods and services requires attention, as continued technological change is creating new challenges to competition in many markets.

2. Improvement on business environment: This includes having an  environment that provides access to finance, allows firms to change the organisation of functions and tasks, helps workers acquire the skills they need in a rapidly changing global environment, and promotes good management practices. Rigid regulations of product and labour markets that impede re-organisation or competition between firms also need to be addressed. The experience of countries such as Australia shows that structural reform is key in harnessing the new dynamism that is associated with ICT. Firm creation also needs to be fostered. Experimentation and competition are key in selecting those firms that seize the benefits of ICT and in making them flourish and grow. In the current time of rapid technological change, greater scope for experimentation may enable new ideas and innovation to emerge more rapidly, leading to faster technology diffusion. Barriers to the entry, exit and growth of firms therefore need to be addressed whereas competition needs to be strengthened. Competition not only helps lower the costs of ICT products and services, which fosters diffusion, it also strengthens pressures on firms to improve performance and change conservative attitudes.

3. Security and trust: Concerns on security, privacy and authentication continue to affect the uptake and use of ICT and should remain a priority for policy.

4. Barriers to the effective use of ICT in services:Sector-specific regulations reduce the development of new ICT applications and limit the capability of firms to seize the benefits of ICT. Further reform of regulatory structures is needed to promote competition and innovation, and to reduce barriers and administrative rules for new entrants and start-ups.

5. Innovation:ICT is closely linked to the ability of firms to innovate, i.e. introduce new products, services, business processes, and applications. Firms that have already innovated achieve much better results from ICT than those that have never innovated. Policies to harness the potential of innovation are thus of great importance in seizing the benefits of ICT. To strengthen innovation, policy needs to give greater priority to fundamental research, improve the effectiveness of public R&D funding and promote the flow of knowledge between science and industry.

  

4.0    Future research

In the recent development, research on the impact of ICT on economic growth have so far focused on their results on the statistics that dated between 1990 and 2000. No research has so far been done from the year 2000 to 2010 (recently) to justify the link between the contribution of ICT in economic growth and the real output growth for that period as what was done from the period of 1990 – 2000. Although the assumption is that the trend is still continuing (Cette et al, 2004), it would be essential to identify the changes in statistics that have taken place from the early 2000 to the current year.

We also foresee that the use of broadband and recent developments in mobile telephony and for the new businesses thru cloud computing recently being a hype to the business world have made business processes so much easier, thus, this signifies that ICT investments might be catching up with the needs and demands of the ever changing business environment to retain the trend of profits that is associated with them. It is also vital for us to do comparative analysis that would help identifying why the reasons for the difference in ICT contribution to economic growth, amongst developed and developing nations. This would assist developing and slow moving nations in pin pointing areas for concern and improvements to catch-up with the developed nations.

Future research should mainly focus on more of data collection in order to do measurement analysis from developed and developing countries over every period of time constantly such every 5 year period to recent as with the evolution of ICT how does that it really gives a major impact to the real output growth (GDP) on this nations. This enables us to make even in-depth research about the role ICT contributes to the economy with the actual data that had been collected.

5.0    Conclusions

Main conclusion prior to this study is that there is positive impact of ICT on economic growth and performances of already developed countries as compared to developing countries. Due to the huge contribution of the use of ICT in economic growth, we can conclude that businesses play a major role in ensuring the usage of sufficient technology to ensure their processes faster, cost effective and increases their production levels. It is equally important for businesses to know that an increased in productivity could only be achieved if fuelled by steady and rapid improvements in ICT performance referred by (Cette et al, 2004). Large impact of ICT capital is due to an extraordinary acceleration in ICT investments between 1990-2000 induced by a combination of rapid falling prices of ICT products and services complement with the large demand for ICT fuelled by high economic growth in the 1990’s and substantial pent-up demand due to infrastructure under investment in ICT.

ICT is the key driver to the economic growth, there is no doubt, therefore, major nations government takes a major role in promoting the benefits associated with the use of ICT, but it is imperative to set up some independent bodies that would be actively involved in monitoring, giving feedback and develop improvement on ICT performance in the economy. ICT had been proven to consumers and business to reduce transportation costs and all this can be achieved through regular technical optimization with the prime quest for speed, security and multifunction complete with a dynamic management with strong development focuses. Flexibility in international trade and laws is crucial factors in ensuring that businesses are able to import ICT goods of their choice and specification, from different parts of the world. The adoption of ICT and the consequent increased productivity and economic growth induced by it has been described as the dawn of the new economy. The astounding high rate of productivity in the US for example, which occurred at the same as well with the rapid diffusion and production of ICT directly led to the term new economy. In a broader sense the term would describe everything that is recent and new in the economy. It would imply that old economic rules like the limits of maximum production capacity and the traditional trade-off between inflation and employment would be invalid as a result of efficiency arising from the adoption of ICT. The major driving force of this new economy has been described as ICT (van Ark, 2002; Meng & Li, 2002). There is more research and development in ICT that must be encouraged and measured against the needs and demands of the market. Governments should invest in the creation of ICT industries, and in the diffusion of ICT products and services referred by Smith (2002).

Prior to all the studies and fact findings by most of the researchers with all the data collection analysis, I truly believe that there is definitive reason to conclude that with ICT in most of the industries across developed countries, it will thus impact on the economic growth, however, in developing countries it showing the positive significant result on how ICT has an impact to the economy.

6.0    References

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the United States a Unique Case? A Comparative Study of Nine OECD Countries.

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On cd 20 I hold a 12mm follicle. I usually O on cd 24 37 daytime cycles I used 2.5 mf Femara when should I O?
I used 2.5 mg femara on cd 3-7. – Usually, a follicle is considered mature at around 18mm. Follicles tend to grow 1-2mm every day. You probably have another week or so until you ovulate. With Femara,…

Question on femara fertility drug?
has anyone conceived from a fertility drug femara? what is the difference between clomid and femara – I am starting Femara this month for the first time. I have done a lot of reading about the two fertility drugs. From what I gather together, the side effects are less when your on Femara and the chances of…

Taking Metformin and Femara work for anyone?
Hi I have been taking metformin for about a month now. On cycle year 3 I started taking femara for 5 days.Has anyone tried these medications and did they work for you? Any success pregnancy stories? I have my ultrasound on Feb 7th to check my follicles so im hoping its good. Please oblige any good information will…

Thoses who own used clomid or femara and have a looong cycle please answer?
I used 2.5 mg of Femara on cd 3-7. On cd 20 I got scanned due to – opk, and only had 1 12mm follicle. Today is cd 24 and I enjoy had no ovulation my opk is about 50% positive and has only gotten that path in the past 3…

Dosing of femara?
– FEMARA is a convenient, once a day prescription therapy. You take just one 2.5 mg tablet respectively day or as directed by your physician1. Taking FEMARA at the same time every day will help you verbs treatment on a consistent basis. If you forget to take your dose at your regular time, take it as soon as you remember. But…

Femara and prometrium?
hi has any one used femara and prometrium they r fertilty pills has anyone gotten pregnant using them . – I used femara and it did induce ovulation for me the first month, but we didn’t conceive that month. The second month I didn’t ovulate on it. The third month we didn’t use it at all -…

What is the difference between clomid and femara?
I am round 3 clomid and from my blood work I have only ovulated good the 1st month. wondering about my other option? – Yes Femara may be an option. I tried it for 5 months with no luck so we moved on to the Clomid. I am on my first cycle keeping my…

What is the difference between Femara and Arimidex ? Which have smaller number side effects similar to nausea, fatigue and hot?
was taking tamoxifen but cancer has spread to the bones they have me on femara now. haven’t see any side effects yet. its been 3 weeks. Both are aromatase inhibitors, so work contained by the same way. I have been on…

What is the most recent you ovulated on Femara?
I’m on cd 25 and counting. – That sounds much too late unfortunately. Are you also doing ultrasound to see if any mature follicles, or femara is even working for you? It didn’t for us. Good luck. I almost gave up on ovulating on femara, I tested hours of daylight 10-17…

What type of fertility drugs can you buy online?
I was just wondering. I hear you can buy Clomid and femara online but can you get injectables online? If so, where? And yes, I’m aware of adjectives of the risks, so save the speech 🙂 – Why risk your health on a dodgy product? A school friend of…

How does femara work and how is it used?
I am going to be starting femara in about 5 weeks and I was wondering how it works and how it is taken. Any success stories would be great. Thanks – DARN, NO ANSWERS, I’M SORRY, I WANTED TO LEARN FROM YOURS.

Ladies who hold used femara and gotten pregnant?
I thought that I was going to be doing an iui but I was told that they were going to put me on femara instead. How much does this cost when insurance doesn’t cover fertility meds? What is the change of it working the first time? Clomid didn’t work for me after 5 cycles and I enjoy…

Looking for nouns or dud stories of clomid/femara + injectables + IUI? Any stories make the acquaintance of!?
Looking for either success or failure stories of clomid (or Femara) + injectables (FSH and HCG trigger) + IUI? Considering one, maybe two cycles IF we can collect together the money. Want to know if they work…or if they don’t. Please respond if you…

Has anyone taken femara and have the novarel shot to conceive and it worked?
I took femara day 3-8 and today got a shot of Novarel, it is HCG basically. My doc. says i hold two eggs one in each ovary so the femara worked. I just wondered about the shot i am trying to be hopefully but also not wanting disappointment didn’t know if…

Has anyone tried metformin and femara to take pregnant that have pcos?
no, but you shoudl ask this question on soulcysters.com. i enjoy read about femara being more effective than clomid in pcos. and metformin is highly effective alone and even more when combined with a fertility drug. no sorry – Why would you want to take Metformin? I take that cause…

I own PCOS and am ttc. I Od on clomid on CD20, why would my doctor cash over to femara after with the sole purpose 1 try?
I am on metformin, took the clomid on CD 3-7 and Od late on CD 20. Took the femara on CD 3-7 and did not O. From what I hold read femara makes you ovulate…

Need info urgent!!! How is femara (LETROZOLE) works for the infertility?
I had been using clomids for 3 cycles but i have not still ovulate. Cycle one: 50 mg, cycle two: 50 mg, cycle three: 100mg. Now my doctor gave me another medication. It is FEMARA. Is FEMARA also for the infertility?? anybody have been used this med, please let me know. I…

Anyone use femara (letrozole)?
i just completed my first round of femara for fertility and am anxiously waiting until i am far enough along to take a preg test. I tried clomid next to no luck – then was diagnosed with pcos and put on metformin for 2 months and then begin my first treatment of femara still taking the metformin – doc says the…

Someone out within told me to ask my dr roughly femara i looked it up what does it own to do next to trying to conc
i have been trying to get pregnet and someone told me that i should ask about femara and i looked it up and it say it is for breast cancer just wondering what that had to to with getting…

When will i gain my time after using femara?
Does anyone know when I should get my period after taking 5 days of femara? I took the femara on 8-9 through 8-12, tested using an ovulation predictor test on 8/13 and got a LH surge result. very soon i’m wondering when i should start thinking about taking a pregnancy test.i haven’t had my…

4 follicles after 2nd round of femara.?
I had an ultrasound today and it revealed 4 follicles. They weren’t quite mature enough so I enjoy to go back on Friday to check their maturity. My question is.what are my probability of becoming pregnant? I will have the HCG shot when my follies become mature. – chances are good if you release four eggs.

ANY1 HAD FEMARA?.. ALTERNATIVE TO CLOMID..STOREYS PLEASE?
Hi i was on clomid 125mg and i had alot of problems (side effects) so my gyne has changed me to femara its the same as clomid but they said i shouldn’t take side effects does any1 no anything about this drug? – No clue – sorry hun – ask your doctor if you’re concerned! =)…

ANY1 HAD FEMARA?ALTERNATIVE TO CLOMID?
Hi ive been on clomid for 4 months and its just not happening ive felt so not at your best so my doctor wants me to start femara an alternative to clomid has any1 else had this? – Hello, I have not have the femara as I just started clomid but my sister took clomid for 1 1/2…

Anyone capture pregnant on clomid after femara has-been?
I’ve used femara for four cycles and I did ovulate but did not get pregnant. Any of you ladies get pregnant on clomid after failed femara rounds? thank you, we’ve been ttc almost 2 years and i’m dying here, 😉 I own only taken chlomid but I got pregnant on my 5th cycle after trying…

Anyone ever taken injectables next to clomid or femara?
I will be starting a combo of clomid/or femara plus a low dose injectable gonadotrophin. For the women who have taken either the injectables by themselves or the combo, what were your experiences? Are the shots painful? Did it work for you? What be some side effects? I will be doing them…

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Tiny Love Take Along Mobile, Animal Friends, Blue

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Keep baby calm and content, with this mesmerizing mobile. Adorable, colorful animal friends, with black and white geometric designs. 30 minutes of continuous minutes. Fits most pack and play, travel cribs, strollers, infants seats and bassinetts. Mobile arm seperates for easy carry in any diaper bag.Colorful, engaging mobile that goes everywhere with your baby
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IMUSA USA GAU-80305 1100W Electric Single Burner, Black

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From fiestas to sporting events to large holiday gathering, this electric single burner lets you cook anywhere you have a plug. Its compact and portable size also makes it ideal for the office, dorm rooms or small apartments.Can Be Used for Cooking Outdoors or in the Office
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The Importance of Being Calm



Copyright (c) 2010 Willie Horton

For those of us who live in these times – where economic adversity continues to be the order of the day, where extremism simmers in various quarters from Al-Qaida to Yemen, to Plains, Georgia where an effigy of President Obama was found hanging recently, to the ongoing political upheaval in Iran to the crumbling peace accord in Sudan, to a massive growth in domestic violence, to an upsurge in graphic violence on our television screens to the fact that our young children are watching music videos which would have been banned as pornographic fifteen years ago – there is an extraordinary onus on us to stay, or become, calm.

Only mental calm, which leads to clarity of mind, will move you and I, and as a consequence, everyone towards that even keel where we can all benefit from the abundance that this life offers us. It doesn’t just offer abundance to some of us, we’re all entitled to our share – and the best way to achieve that is through the mental calm that is scientifically proved to engender inner peace and, as a result, success. Calm works wonders. If we stop to reflect, we all know that we are at our best when we are calm – and at our worst when react hot-headedly. We all know that calm leads to greater effectiveness. But let’s consider a potent example of the extent to which calm doesn’t just affect us individually, but can benefit us all. Consider the US Transcendental Meditation experiment in Washington DC in Summer 1993. The TM organization, in conjunction with Stanford University, established an experiment which aimed to prove the ripple effect of calm. The objective was to get four thousand people to meditate in a central Washington DC convention centre over the eight week period of June/July 1994. Quantum mathematicians at Stanford calculated that the ripple effect of four thousand calm minds would be seen in a directly calculable 25% drop in violent crime (defined as homicide, rape and assault). Whilst law enforcement agencies were more than a little sceptical at the outset, over that eight week period, as the numbers meditating rose, the rate of violent crime dropped – creating a graph that looks almost like a perfect „X“. Why not look at the US Federal Government’s Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy – search for „violent crime“ and you will find that the results were exactly as predicted.

Each and every time I mention this to my clients for the first time, not one of them has ever heard of the experiment or the startling results. It beggars belief that we all know the latest bit of bad news or celebrity gossip and that none of us has a clue as to what the really important, ground-breaking news might be. If we all understood the importance of calm, this world would change – it’s not some fairytale or wishful thinking. It is proven experimentally and it is proven by cutting edge quantum physics – energy evokes a response from energy – my energy from yours and vice versa.

Unfortunately, however, most of us, so-called normal people, invest their energies in all the wrong places, having their priorities all wrong, constantly striving for what some might call the „American Dream“ of achievement and wealth. For some, over the last eighteen months, that dream has become a nightmare as a result of a crisis brought about by the exact opposite of calm minds. Unfortunately, for many scrambling for „success“ the words achievement and wealth, go together. But what about the wealth of a calm mind, a soul at peace, happy loving relationships and good health? What about having lots of time to do what really turns you on? What about helping those around you rather than just helping yourself?

The extraordinary thing is that if you invest your energy in these directions, if you cultivate your innate ability to be calm and centred, then that „American Dream“ will look after itself. If you put the quality of your life at the top of your list of priorities, everything else falls into place – even the wealth bit – I know it, many of my clients know it, many books provide us with many examples of it and science tells us that we can earn exponential returns on a sensible investment of our energy. In order to but the quality of your life first, you need only have one priority. Your priority for today – and every day – should be to ensure that you’re in a clear and calm state of mind, focused on what you’re supposed to be doing in the here and now, totally immersed in the present moment. Having invested your energy wisely in this fashion, everything else – as the Washington DC experiment proves – will follow, as surely as night follows day.


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Source by Willie Horton

Sunbeam 731-500 Heating Pad with UltraHeat Technology

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8 Tips to Choose E-currency Pre-paid Debit Card


What is  e-currency debit card?

     E-currency debit card is a relatively new phenomenon.  These types of cards serve the purpose of converting e-currency (electronic money that enables cashless payments and instant money transfers throughout the Internet) into cash.  You can top them up with e-currencies (such as Liberty Reserve,TransXpress, Globaldigitalpay, Webmoney, etc), go to your local ATM and withdraw real cash.

Why use e-currency  debit card?

      As evident from its name, the primary function of such cards is to withdraw cash from e-currency accounts.  If you are a frequent e-currency user, e-currency debit card will be ideal for you. However, the rising popularity of such cards is attributable to other factors too.

     E-currency cards are pre-paid debit cards. It means that they can be loaded with money to make purchases anywhere the debit card is accepted. However, unlike traditional debit cards, prepaid cards are not connected to your bank account and you can spend only up to the amount you have pre-deposited.  This makes the card ideal for teenagers. Parents can give the card to their child for  everyday, emergency, or travelling expenses and  top it up every week or every month. Parents are able to monitor their kids‘ spending while teaching them financial responsibility.

     Pre-paid debit cards are ideal for travelling. Safer than cash, they are a great convenience to tourists and business travelers. Besides, they are great for budgeting as you cannot use more than you have deposited onto the card.

     Pre-paid cards can also make ideal gifts, because they are more universally accepted than retailer-issued gifts cards. You can give it to a family member as a gift with prepaid balance on it.

     Pre-paid cards can be used for payroll.  The employer is able to load the card with the employee’s wages directly onto your debit card. This is especially good option for organizations that employ international or temporary staff. Also, MLM (multi-level marketing) companies can provide their members with pre-paid debit cards and pay directly onto the card.

How to Choose E-currency Debit card?

     There are dozens of e-currency debit cards in the market now. So, how do you choose the right one? Below are the tips for choosing the e-currency debit card that is right for you.

  1. If you use several e-currencies, it is wise to buy a multi-currency debit card. Multi-currency debit cards can be funded by many e-currencies. The funding is done through an e-currency exchanger that is usually the seller of these cards.
  2. Decide if you want a card that can be also used for other purposes like everyday shopping and online shopping.
  3. Think about the card’s logo. Visa and Mastercards are almost universally accepted, so if you have a Visa or Mastercard it will be easy to find an ATM near you to use the card.
  4. Watch out for fees, withdrawal/balance limits. Make sure you ask a few important questions before you buy the card:
  • What is the daily withdrawal limit?
  • What is the total loading limit per month?
  • What are ATM transaction fees?
  • What is the ATM decline (non-sufficient balance) fee?
  • What are e-currency funding fees?
  • Is there a monthly card maintenance fee?
  • Are there any annual fees?
  • Are there any inactivity fees?
  1. Choose the card that can be blocked if lost or stolen.
  2. If you are looking for an anonymous debit card, find out if your name will appear on the card.  There are many non-personalized pre-paid debit cards in the market. However, the bank is most likely obligated to have the client’s ID. Get information about the documents you need to provide to get the card.
  3. Ask if you can access your account information, such as your card’s balance, transaction history etc. online. It stands to reason that choosing the card that can be managed online is always the best option.
  4. Get information about the expiration date, the replacement procedure and the fees (if any) involved.

     E-currency debit cards are becoming more and more popular. You can now choose from a wide variety of different types of such cards and take advantage of such benefits as easy cashing out of e-currencies, security of your money, no interest charges, worldwide functionality, and risk-free spending.  While it makes sense to buy the card that has low fees and charges, we recommend you to pay attention to other details and follow the tips outlined in this article.

To get a multi-currency debit card, or to learn more, visit www.e-forexgold.com

eForexGold card  can be funded by Liberty Reserve, c-gold, pecunix, Webmoney, Solidtrustpay, Technocash, Globaldigitalpay, TransXpress, and by bank wire and can be also used for purchases at shops, restaurants and other places.

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Source by Trisha